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History of Netretic, Croatia

Introduction to the History of Netretic
By: Marko Trpcic-Kordis
Manager of an elementary school at Netretic
copyright © 1998 by Marko Trpcic-Kordis and FEEFHS, all rights reserved


Nowadays (since 1993) Netretic County of Croatia consists of 42 settlements in 16 local communities. It is spread out between Rivers Kupa and Dobra in area of 116 square kilometers. In a 1991 register (then it was in Duga Resa County) it had population of 5,437 people.

Formerly, the larger Netretic County has grown from Novigrad County. After the abolition of servitude in 1848 and decadence of servitude's little communities (County) management has been in Novigrad. Maybe even before, County residence was in Modruspotok in 1877 (from that has made 4. part of Lujzinska Road). In fifties of the 19th century (1854-1860) Modruspotok district was the center of management for Netretic County (Novigrad), Ribnik and Ozalj with the seat of district's office in Netretic. The district is authorized for judiciary, too. This County of the first construction has been operated to the middle of 1957. From the first of August at the same year it has been the new communal's system. In the Netretic has just worked the Local Office, the branch office of Duga Resa County.

The new County of Netretic now consists of these settlements: Brajakovo Brdo, Donje Stative, Dubravci -Dubravcani- Frketic Selo (one local commitee), Jarce Polje, Straza, Toncic Selo, Kucevice, Kunici, Jakovci, Baici, Pavicici, Lonjgari, Planina, Rosopajnik, Bogovci, Mrzljaki, Mracin, Netretic, Mali and Veliki Modruspotok, Culibrki, Novigrad, Maletici, Prilisce Donje, Prilisce Srednje, Prilisce Gornje, Ladesic Draga, Skupica, Netreticko Bukovlje, Vinski Vrh, Vukova Gorica, Racak, Zaborsko Selo, Kolenovac, Loncar Brdo, Goli Vrh, Piscetke, Zagradci, Resetarevo and Zavrsje.

From 1886 even these settlements has been in Netretic County: Kozalj Vrh, Lisnica, Marindol with Milici and Paunovici, Stative Gornje, Mala Jelsa, Vucjak, Grdun, Tomasnica, Zadobarje with Bridici, Priselci and Petrici. It is opportunely to deal with beginings of the liturgy from St. Kriz parish and BDM (Blessed virgin Maria) in Novigrad. Its roots has been deep in the past, according to registration of these firsts meeting-houses. BDM parish in Novigrad was the first time heard in 1018 in composition of Krk diocese, and St. Kriz (St. Cross) parish in 1334 in composition of Zagreb diocese. In the composition of the County were also two more parishes, St. Katarina in Kunici (1668 was the chapel of Lipnik parish) and St. Marija Magdalena in Prilisce (1876).

The chapels of Uzvisenje in St. Kriza parish are St. Marko in Gornje Stative (1558), St. Nikola in Modruspotok (1668), St. Antun in Zadobarje (1668) and St. Josip in Zavrsje (1702). The result of this is that St. Kriza parish is spreading over the part of the neighbouring counties Karlovac and Ozalj (Gornje Stative, Grdun, Tomasnica). Before the opening of the state's schools and the employment of secular teachers, the clerics were making literate (teaching) only a small number of boys. Because of that, the first "schools" were in the parish houses, and in St. Kriz parish even in the parson's small house. After that, the finished pupils (= dijaci) could teach the less literate by themselves. The position of the schoolman was even given to county's (district's) office workers at Netretic-modruspotok.

The state's schools in Zavrsje and Novigrad were open in 1858. In Zavrsje, the system of school was protected by the lawyer Ivan Nepomuk Raizner (1792-1866), the owner of court in Grdun, and by some others persons in power. At the place of St. Kriz parish, schools were opening in this turn: at Donje Stative in 1899, at Netretic in 1928, at Grdun in 1932 and at Zadobarje in 1935.

Andrija Palmovic, the parish curaze and later the Croatian poet, began singing at St. Kriz in 1875 and 1876. Some more teachers were also written about their places and people, like teacher Skender Horvat (Zavrsje-Netretic, 1866-1888) and Antun Jager (Stative, 1906-1913). Some of older families from here are: Dobranci, Bezjaci, Netratici (Netretici), Tomasinci, Grdunci and Stativski.